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Journal des Savants : July-December 2015

331 p., 21 ill.
July-December 2015

Annual subscription (two fascicles) : 100 €.



Le récit canonique de Bouvines (Guillaume le Breton, Gesta Philippi, 181-203) à l’épreuve des autres sources », par Dominique Barthélemy, correspondant de l’Académie.

In his Gesta Philippi, William Brito has written a long and precise narrative, far more dense and vivid than any other one. Modern scholars use to rely on it, specially since 1818 ; hence this narrative has become the canonic one. Yet it is worth confronting it with some other narratives, those written near the battle and at the same time (chronicle of Béthune, fragment of Saint-Quentin, reports of Marchiennes and Clairmarais). At the end William Brito remains our best witness and historian, yet it becomes clear that his narrative is a partial one –in both senses. The confrontation helps us to propose a kind of reassessment on two points : the battle was not strongly sacral, and the brabançons footsoldier who are slain at the end were probably not impious mercenaries. It becomes possible, as well, to precise William’s interest in feudal, rather than chivalric, ethics, and his reluctance to depict the victory as a pure miracle, as tends to do a procapetian vulgate.

« L’obituaire du grand hôtel-Dieu de Meaux », par Jean-Loup Lemaitre

During the cataloguing of the archives of the Oratorian college at Juilly in 2014 prior to their being deposited at the National Archives, a necrology dating from the 14th century was found among the early modern papers ; it was a manuscript in parchment and 29 folios long, but was unfortunately incomplete. Analysis showed that, contrary to what was initially thought, it was not the necrology of the ancient abbey of Notre-Dame of Juilly, but of the great Hôtel-Dieu of Meaux which was founded in 1118 by the countess of Meaux. This identification was made possible by extracts from the latter that dom Toussaint Duplessis had published in his Histoire de l’Église de Meaux in 1731. The surviving text, consisting of forty-two notices for the period 16 February-21 August, is now published with brief annotations based on the great cartulary of the hôtel-Dieu, which is also unpublished.

« Les ecclésiastiques à l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres sous l’Ancien Régime », par François Fossier

« Les antiques Borghèse de la villa Médicis », par Marie-Lou Fabréga-Dubert

When Napoleon bought the antiques from Prince Borghese in 1807, Pâris, the commissioner, was in charge of sending them to France. He left some forty pieces at the Villa Medici in a very poor condition. This article tries to clarify what happened to these pieces : at the Villa Medici they were mixed with those of Prince Ferdinand which were not sent to Florence. The archives of the acquisition of the collection, those of the Directors of the Academy of France in Rome, as well as the Medici collection catalogue reveal some pieces without any known story. They were sent to France by Vernet and Ingres or are still at the Villa Medici. Their characteristics are studied here and compared to information from the archives. Therefore it is possible to propose hypotheses, sometimes incontestable, for their identification and recognition of their Borghese origin.


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