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Comptes rendus de l’Académie from April to June 2014

Fascicle 2014-2


370 p., 94 ill.
Release : October 2015
Price : 37,50 € the volume
Subscription for 4 fascicles : people, 150 € / Institutions, 180 €.




Table of contents
  • Manu propria. Les enjeux de l’écriture autographe, par Mme Sylvie Lefèvre.

    Every medieval book is by nature an autograph, that of its scribe(s). But when the writer can be identified not as a mere transcriber, but as the author of the work, what is the explanation and what are the consequences ? Is it a question of the same kind of sea-change as the promotion of the Quattrocento painter and the recognition of a manual dexterity and a particular style, or ought we regard it as the extension of the principal of etiquette that requires that one put his own signature to a letter written by a secretary, as a sign of respect and affection for the recipient ? Or is it a way of protecting against the corruption of the text, which is inevitable in a diffusion through manual copying ? But how can an author envisage producing all his books himself ? Should we imagine that he will be content to furnish a certain number of models, exemplars on which the entire diffusion will depend ? To what extent must we take into account the financial situation of certain authors, which obliges them to take on the role of scribe ? And how does the recognition of autograph manuscripts influence the edition of their works ? Is the volume written or corrected by an author the most authoritative version ? French autographs will be considered from these different points of view in a study of the works of Christine de Pizan, Antoine de La Sale, François Villon and Charles d’Orléans, illustrated with examples from their manuscripts. All medieval books are autographs, by force : that is they are the product of one copist or more. When the escrivain is identified not with a mere scriptor but with the author himself, how can we explain that fact and which are the consequences ? Is it such a revolution that we must trace a parallel with the promotion of the Italian painter’s manual abiltiy from the Quattrocento, with the new

  • La fin de la civilisation himyarite. Une archéologie coranique, par M. Mikhaïl Piotrovski
  • Allocution d’accueil au colloque « L’alimentation de l’Afrique du Nord. De la Préhistoire au Moyen Âge », par M. Michel Zink, Secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie
  • Sacrifices en images : nourrir les dieux en Afrique romaine, par M. John Scheid, correspondant de l’Académie, et Mme Meriem Sebaï
  • L’alimentation en Afrique du Nord au cours de la Préhistoire et de la Protohistoire, par M. Michel Barbaza
  • Les chevaliers à Chartres : les fenêtres hautes de la cathédrale, par M. John Baldwin, associé étranger de l’Académie
  • Un espace politique au coeur du sanctuaire de Delphes, par Mme Anne Jacquemin et M. Didier Laroche
  • Allocution d’accueil à la journée d’études à la mémoire de Pascal Royère (1965-2014) « Deux décennies de coopération archéologique franco-cambodgienne à Angkor », par M. Michel Zink, Secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie
  • Hommage à Pascal Royère (1965-2014) : du temple-montagne Baphuon au sanctuaire du Mébon occidental, par M. Franciscus Verellen, membre de l’Académie
  • La gestion de l’eau dans Angkor, capitale de l’empire khmer, par M. Hang Peou
  • Allocution de conclusion, par Sa Majesté Norodom Sihamoni, Roi du Cambodge, associé étranger de l’Académie
  • Pierre d’Ailly et le concile de Pise (1409), par Mme Hélène Millet

    Pierre de d’Ailly and the council of Pisa (1409) Pierre d’Ailly was convinced that Clement VII was “true pope” and that Benedict XIII can restore unity. Bishop of Cambrai in 1397, he opposed the policy of withdrawal of obedience and stood away from the unionist movement. When both sacred colleges united and they had convened a council at Pisa, Annunciation 1409, and Benedict XIII had summoned his followers to Perpignan for Toussaint 1408, it was decision time. He published two series of ten « Proposals », namely a profession of counciliarism then cautions against hasty election of a new pope, and he went to Pisa. There he was designated to receive the envoy of the Roman pope, and also sent to Genoa to set an economic problem apparently. He was therefore absent for the removal of two rival pontiffs and the announcement of the opening of the conclave. One may wonder whether, in accepting such a mission he did not look especially being away from the council as the events became too fast to his will. This interpretation is consistent with the insinuations made by a member of the embassy Benedict XIII had sent to Pisa ; the embassy was precisely in Genoa at the same time as him. According to Boniface Ferrer, he was even about to desert ! This is denied by his return to the council and his participation in the reform commission. His Genoese mission may have been to fathom the ambassadors’ intentions in order to know whether it was wise or not to wait for them. As Pierre d’Ailly had refrained to subscribe the sentence of condemnation of the two contending popes it is clear that, despite its accession to the Pisan obedience - John XXIII created him cardinal in 1412 - he did not want sanction actions in advance denounced as reckless. At Constance, he was among the first to advocate the removal of the Pisan pope.

  • Sur les universaux du langage, par M. Robert Martin, Vice-Président de l’Académie
  • L’appel du 24 février 1917 : deux lots de lettres inédites sur la naissance de la Collection des Universités de France, par M. Jacques Jouanna, membre de l’Académie
  • Le chiffre en péril : cryptographie et double langage au XVIIe siècle, par M. Jean-Robert Armogathe, correspondant français de l’Académie
  • La restauration de la Victoire de Samothrace : un projet international de recherche et de restauration du monument, 2013-2015, par M. Jean-Luc Martinez
  • Abel-Rémusat et Hegel : sinologie et philosophie dans l’Europe du XIXe siècle, par Mme Anne Cheng
  • Abel-Rémusat, la langue mandchoue et la sinologie, par M. Mark Elliott
  • À propos d’Édouard Chavannes, le premier sinologue complet, par M. Zhang Guangda
  • Richer de Senones et saint Louis, par M. Michel Bur, membre de l’Académie (note d’information)
  • De la Grèce classique à l’Orient. Les sources complexes de la Pythie de l’Opéra de Paris, par M. Pascal Griener
  • Rapport de la commission du prix de la fondation Antoine Meillet, par M. Charles de Lamberterie, membre de l’Académie 

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