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Comptes rendus de l’Académie from July to October 2013

Fascicle 2013-3

309 pages, 80 illustrations.
Release : 2015
Price : 37,50 € the volume
Subscription for 4 fascicles : people, 150 € / Institutions, 180 €.

Table of contents
  • Nouvelles recherches sur le paysage monumental de Bactres, par MM. Étienne de la Vaissière et Philippe Marquis

    The oasis of Bactra was explored by A. Foucher and then by the successive members of the Délégation archéologique française en Afghanistan, as well as by the Soviet archaeologists. Some recent progress have also been made on the understanding of its history, especially on the 7th c. and the power there of the Barmakids, the masters of the New Monastery (Nowbahâr), over the whole oasis. Aerial photographs of Afghanistan were not available when most of the research was written : with their help, it has been possible to demonstrate the existence around the Nowbahâr of an octagonal shape, with a diameter of 360 m., still visible in the outline of the agricultural plots. This discovery is compared with the Chinese and Arab depictions of the monastery : a 8th c. Arab depiction indeed described a building around the stupa, while Xuanzang, writing in 630, described a monastery south of the stupa. The new building might have been created in between, before the actual control of the Arabs on the oasis in 705. This new and grandiose design might in turn be explained by the wealth of the Barmakids, controlling the whole agricultural land in the 7th c. Furthermore current surveys of the North-eastern part of the oasis have produced some interesting results : huge abandoned settlements are known, one of which, near the village Siahgerd, is characterized by an orthogonal plan, without a surrounding wall. Included in it, on its Southeastern angle, an octagon with a size similar to the Nowbahâr one has been explored in June 2013. Some hypothesis are proposed to explain its presence there, either in religious, Buddhist terms, or in political ones.

  • Allocution à l’occasion du décès de M. Emilio Gabba, associé étranger de l’Académie, par M. Jean-Marie DENTZER, président de l’Académie
  • Nicolas Gerhaert de Leyde en son temps, le XVe siècle, par M. Daniel Russo
  • Recherche sur la longue durée : l’église Saint-Nizier de Lyon, par M. Nicolas Reveyron
  • La genèse d’un type documentaire : les « cahiers » des états de Provence à la fin du Moyen Âge, par M. Michel Hébert

    This paper is an analysis of the creation and structure of the « cahiers » of the late medieval Provençal Estates, an original documentary form whose symbolic value exceeds its primary functional use. It will stress the wealth of this record, one of the richest sources for the history of political representation in the broad field of the influence of the French monarchy. The different stages of the composition of these cahiers will be stressed, from the members’ original grievances to the assembling of true statute books, so revered by early modern legal experts. Finally, an attempt will be made to point to an evolution from the older cahiers, mostly concerned with military, fiscal and financial affairs, to those of the XVth century. The latter’s concern appealed to the rhetoric of the petition, played an important role in the making and reformation of the law, thereby confering upon the Provençal assembly a new form of institutionality. This paper concludes by discussing the advantages that come from studying the textual and documentary layers of any type of cahiers, be they records of grievances, requests, advices or petitions. In the broad area of influence of the French monarchy, this approach provides a better understanding of a practice which, at the dawn of an era of absolutism, nevertheless constitutes an original form of political contractualism.

  • Allocution à l’occasion du décès de M. Martin DE RIQUER, associé étranger de l’académie, par M. Jean-Marie DENTZER, président de l’Académie
  • Allocution d’accueil, par M. Michel ZINK, Secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie
  • Henri Seyrig, un Athénien peu ordinaire, 1922-1928, par M. Olivier PICARD, membre de l’Académie
  • Henri Seyrig à Neuchâtel : le savant et l’homme à travers sa bibliothèque scientifique, par M. Denis KNOEPFLER, associé étranger de l’Académie
  • Henri Seyrig et les institutions de recherche françaises : du Service des antiquités de Syrie au Centre de recherches archéologiques de Valbonne, par M. Jean-Marie DENTZER, président de l’Académie
  • Un règlement urbanistique de Kyrrhos (Macédoine), par. M. Miltiade HATZOPOULOS, associé étranger de l’Académie et Mme Lucrèce Gounaropoulos
  • Ouvrages circulaires et rituels sacrificiels dans la péninsule indochinoise, par M. Yves Goudineau

    Circular earthworks and sacrifice rituals in the Indochinese Peninsula. The paper presents a review of the research carried out among Austro-Asiatic (Mon-Khmer) societies in the Upper Sekong region (Southern Laos and Central Vietnam), one of the programmes of the École française d’Extrême Orient (EFEO). These societies have a double characteristic that is remarkable in the context of continental South-East Asia : - circular shaped villages with a communal house in the centre, - and the still ongoing practice of massive buffalo sacrifice rituals today. Firstly, an inventory of these villages, ever decreasing in number, is conducted systematically combining the results of ethno-historical, linguistic and architectural surveys, with eventually the help of the few written sources available (Lao or Viet local chronicles). Secondly, these results are compared, in a reasoned perspective, with certain archaeological and regional religious anthropology data. The presence of ancient « circular earthworks » in Cambodia and South Vietnam, contrasting with the various known living arrangements and urbanisation of populations and civilisations in the Indochinese Peninsula, had already been noted by EFEO archaeologists (Louis Malleret, BEFEO 1959 ; Bernard Philippe Groslier, mission 1962). Since 1995, new excavations carried out in Kampong Cham provide significant elements of comparison (environment, dwellings layout, symbolic orientation) with the few Mon-Khmer « round villages » that can still be observed, leading to a collective reflection, cross-matching ethnology and archeology, on the conditions in which this circular model recurs. Furthermore, the study of the last great (although officially banned) collective buffalo sacrifice ceremonies still practiced in the Upper Sekong has lead to a collaboration with specialists from other parts of South-East Asia and South China, regarding the structure and the evolution of the ritual considered over a large area.

  • Le Hōbōgirin : passé et futur, par M. Iyanaga Nobumi
  • Une encyclopédie bouddhique japonaise du XIVe siècle : le Keiran shūyōshū, par M. Bernard Faure

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