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Session of november 4th

Lecture of Miss Giulia Boetto, under the patronage of M. Pierre GROS : « Researches in Nautical Archaeology in Eastern Adriatic ».

Abstract : From 2007, the team of nautical archaeology of the Centre Camille Jullian-UMR 7299 is engaged in underwater archaeological researches in Croatia for the study of the shipbuilding traditions in Ancient times in Eastern Adriatic and in South-eastern Europe. The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the National Institute for Human and Social Sciences of the CNRS and the Centre Camille Jullian have supported the numerous fieldwork campaigns realized till now. All these researches have been achieved in the frame of local programmes supported by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia, in collaboration with our Croatian colleagues from the University of Zadar, the Archaeological Museum of Istria and the Croatian Conservation Institute. In this note we will present the most important results gathered from the study of the shipwreck investigated within these research programmes. These studies already have permitted to renovate our knowledge about the shipbuilding of pre-Roman and, mainly, of Roman time of this geographical transport zone. Thank to the shipwreck of Zambratija (Istria), we were able to study the more ancient example of an entirely sewn boat in Mediterranean (last quarter of the 12th-last quarter of the 10th centuries BC) providing the archaeological evidence of the local development of a shipbuilding tradition of sewn vessels. In Caska (Pag island) and Pula we were able to follow the developments in the Roman Imperial time of this tradition of local shipbuilding. We were also able to observe the coexistence of two techniques for the planking assembly, by sewing technique and by the so-called “mortise and tenon” joint. Moreover, this last technique is widely used in that time in Eastern Adriatic until the Late Antiquity (shipwreck of Pakoštane). Finally, beside the maritime vessels, our researches have led us to be interested to the inland shipbuilding traditions in continental Croatia (shipwreck of Kamensko). This geographical area, under-exploited from the point of view of the studies in nautical archaeology, is at a crossroad of several maritime and continental shipbuilding traditions. So, the study of inland crafts is important in order to understand the development of the autochthone traditions using the sewn assemblages and other techniques of assembly and waterproofing, such as the use of metallic clamps.

Keywords : Adriatic, Croatia, Nautical Archaeology, Sailing, Ship

Lecture of M. John Rogister, Foreign correspondent of the Academy des Sciences morales et politiques : « Le sacre de Louis XIV. A propos d’une nouvelle image »

Abstract : When plans were made for the coronation of Louis XV at Rheims in 1722, those who were organizing the ceremony naturally took as their point of departure the coronation of his predecessor, Louis XIV, which had taken place sixty-eight years previously. However, the only visual record of that coronation was limited to three superb prints made by Jean Le Pautre reproducing three important moments of the ceremony which took place in the choir of the cathedral: the participants in their places awaiting the arrival of the Holy Ampulla containing the oil which would be used to turn the king into the Lord’s appointed, the coronation itself, and its proclamation from the rood-loft amid to the acclamation of those present. The chevalier d’Avice, drawing-master to Louis XIV supplied drawings for two of of these scenes and a key to those present which was printed on each of the engravings. This was not much to go on, but then the coronation of 1654 had taken place against the dramatic background of the fragile end of a revolt, of dissension at the heart of the royal family,and of foreign invasion. The recent discovery in a stately home in Yorkshire of a large portrait of the coronation (measuring 96 inches by 82, or 2.44 metres by 2.08) completes our knowledge of the ceremony by adding the element of colour to it and by enabling us better to discover more details about the scene of the coronation of Louis XIV. Unfortunately, the present state of research means that we can only make tentative suggestions as to who the artist was and for whom he had produced this large work. This discovery gives us an opportunity to revisit the symbolism of the coronation and the layout and decoration used in the cathedral for the ceremony.

Keywords : Coronation ; Louis XIV (1638-1715) ; Cathedral ; Painting


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